Micronutrients

their role in the body

Vitamins

Some vitamins are fat soluble (A, D, E, K); these require fats for absorption and can be stored in the body. As these vitamins can be stored, they are not required in
the diet daily but can build up in the body. Although unlikely, too much may build-up with significant excess
consumption; this can cause harmful effects. Other vitamins are water soluble (B’s and C), which are not
stored in the body so are regularly required in the diet.

Vitamin recommendations

Minerals

The body needs many essential minerals in differing amounts, which are often divided into those where a larger amount is required (calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, potassium, sodium), and those where only a trace is required (iron, zinc, copper, iodine, selenium). Regardless of the amount required, all these minerals are important to overall health, and can be provided by a balanced diet.

Mineral recommendations

Did you know?

  • Nutrients interact with each other; some in positive synergistic ways, others negatively e.g. vitamin C aids the absorption of Iron however, Zinc and Iron compete for absorption in the gut.
  • Nutrients can behave differently in those with diseases; they can also interact with medication.
  • Fibre can bind to micronutrients and adversely affect absorption.

Consume a healthy, balanced diet to get the best from your food and ensure no deficit or excess of nutrients.